Cagaloglu Bath is one of the largest double Turkish baths of Istanbul. Baroque style novelties, a rarely seen quality in Ottoman architecture, are evident in the architectural structure of the building and also by the organization of its cooling-room and hot room sections. In the men's section, to reach the cooling-room which is covered with a small dome and seven vaults, you should cross the dressing room covered by a large dome.
Cagaloglu Turkish Bath was built in 1741 to provide revenue for both the library of Mahmut I, the Ottoman Sultan of the time, in Hagia Sophia Külliye (social complex) and for Hagia Sophia Mosque. Architectural plans of the bath were designed by Süleyman Aga, the architect of the court, and the bath was built by Abdullah Ağa. Before the construction of Cagaloglu Turkish Bath, the palace built by Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Paşa stood on the same location. The palace was destroyed by a fire in 1740, and construction of the Cagaloglu Bath started soon after. The bath has both historical and architectural importance as it is the last great Turkish bath constructed before Sultan Mustafa III prohibited the construction of great baths in 1768, due to the increasing water and firewood needs of the city.
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